The Health Benefits of Red Wine
Red wine is a type of wine produced from black grape varieties. The real color of red wine can range from intense violet to brown. In fact, intense violent is the color of young wines, while brick red is the color of mature wines. Besides, older wines have a brown color. Most purple grapes produce a greenish white juice. So the red color comes from the anthocyan pigments. These pigments are in the skin of the grape. So, much of the red wine making process involves the extraction of flavor and color elements from the grape skin. In fact, red wine and resveratrol, a component of red, can be good for your health.
Drinking red wine in moderation is good for health, and especially your heart health. Red wine has alcohol and antioxidants. These can help prevent heart disease. This is because they boost the levels of high density cholesterol (HDL). They also protect against artery damage. In fact, high density cholesterol is the good cholesterol in our bodies. Research shows that there is a distinction between moderate and heavy drinking of wine. Drinking of moderate levels also varies by the individual according to the age. Other important factors are gender, body stature, weight and genetics.
Moderate levels are lower in women than in men of the same age. This is because women absorb alcohol faster than men. This is as a result of their lower body water content. So doctors are wary of encouraging everybody to start drinking wine. This is because heavy drinking of alcohol may have negative effects on the body. Yet, doctors agree that red wine has positive health effects. In fact, it is better than other types of alcohol. Moreover, the antioxidants in red wine can help to protect the lining of blood vessels in the heart. These antioxidants are called polyphenols. A polyphenol known as Resveratrol is an important component in red wine.
The importance of the Resveratrol in Red Wine
The resveratrol in red wine is from the skin of the grapes that make the wine. In fact, red wine has greater amounts of resveratrol than white wine. This is because red wine is fermented for longer with the grape skins. Resveratrol is the main ingredient in red wine that provides the health benefits. In fact, it helps reduce low density cholesterol (LDL). This is the bad cholesterol in our bodies. Moreover, it prevents damage to blood vessels and blood clots. Besides, some research indicates that resveratrol can reduce the risk of inflammation. It also prevents blood clotting. Both of these conditions can lead to heart disease.
The Health Benefits of Red Wine
Moderate drinking of red wine offers a range of health benefits. Yet, the moderate levels vary according to the individual. It also depends on the genetics, weight, gender, and body stature of the person. The health benefits of red wine include:
Studies show that moderate drinking of alcohol is beneficial for the heart. Alcohol is one of the components of red wine. Alcohol helps to increase the levels of high density cholesterol (HDL). In fact, this is the good cholesterol in our bodies. Moreover, it is good for our health. Alcohol also helps to reduce the damage caused to arteries by high levels of low density cholesterol (LDL). Besides, this is the bad cholesterol in our bodies. It is also harmful to our health. Furthermore, alcohol reduces the formation of blood clots. It also causes changes in blood pressure. So, moderate drinking of red wine can lead to a healthier heart.
Moderate drinking of alcohol can increase the amount of high density cholesterol (HDL). It also reduces low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL). This helps to clean up the low density lipoprotein cholesterol from blocking the arteries. In fact, one of the main causes of heart attacks is the lack of oxygen. Often, this is as a result of plaque and blood clots build up in the arteries. It also causes the pain of angina. Anticoagulant elements in the alcohol in red wine limit blood clotting. More so, it prevents the platelets in the blood from sticking together. It also reduces the levels of fibrin protein, which binds the platelets together.
Remember that heavy drinking increases the risk of heart disease. It also increases the risk of developing cardiac arrhythmias. In fact, this is can be a fatal disease. Furthermore, excessive drinking of alcohol can increase low density lipoprotein cholesterol. It also weakens heart muscles. It can also cause high blood pressure.
Moderate drinking of alcohol can lead to the increase of bone mineral density (BMD). In fact, moderate alcohol drinking has a positive effect on the bone mineral density. Even in older men and postmenopausal women. However, heavy drinking of alcohol is bad. It has a damaging effect on the cellular processes that produce bone tissue. Moreover, excessive long term drinking of alcohol increases the frequency of fractures.
Moderate drinking of red wine lower the likelihood of developing dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Moderate drinking of alcohol can also help to prevent the risks of developing depression. Anticoagulant elements in the alcohol in red wine limit blood clotting. More so, it makes the platelets in the blood less likely to stick together. It also reduces the levels of fibrin protein, which binds the platelets together. Red wine may also play the role stimulating the body to release acetylcholine. In fact, this is a chemical substance that influences memory and brain function.
However, note that heavy drinking causes an impaired mental function. Moreover, this can lead to memory impairment and behavioral changes. In fact, long term heavy drinking can inhibit new brain cell development. It also increases the risk of developing serious depressive disorders.
Drinking red wine in moderation reduces the risk of infection from bacteria. More so, the bacterium associated with causing peptic ulcers and gastritis. These diseases can also lead to stomach cancer. Besides, the anti bacterial nature of alcohol soothes stomach irritations. It also fights illnesses such as the traveler’s diarrhea. Moreover, red wine has positive effects on the metabolism of cholesterol. So this can reduce the risk of developing gallstones. This is because LDL is a major factor in the development of gall stones.
Also note that heavy drinking can lead to the development of gallstones. This is because it leads to the increase in low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Long term heavy drinking can also increase the risk of developing peptic ulcers. It can also increase the risk of stomach cancer.
Controls blood sugar
Moderate drinking of alcohol may reduce the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. In fact, resveratrol may help diabetics regulate their blood sugar. Resveratrol may activate the protein that helps regulate insulin and glucose sensitivity. It also may help increase insulin secretion. Remember, that heavy drinking of alcohol can lead to the development of diabetes. This is because it can affect insulin secretion. It can also lead to increase blood pressure and weaken heart muscles.
Fights off a cold
Red wine can help you fight the common cold, if you use it in moderation. This is because red wine has antioxidants. These protect cells against the effects of free radicals. They also help to fight the infection.
Studies show that moderate use of red wine can help kill any nascent cancer cells. This is because resveratrol inhibits the main cancer feeding protein. It also protects cells against the effects of free radicals. Free radicals encourage the development of cancer and other chronic diseases. In fact, moderate drinking of wine can reduce the risk of colon cancer, breast cancer and several other cancers.
The resveratrol in red wine helps to stimulate production piceatannol. In fact, this compound prevents the growth of fat cells. It binds to insulin receptors on fat cells. It also blocks the pathways needed for immature fat cells to grow and mature. So moderate drinking of red wine can help you control your weight. Also, compared to no diet sodas and many beers, a serving of red wine has moderate calories.
Resveratrol helps to keep the blood vessels healthy. In fact, this is one of the main factors that contribute to longer lifespan. More so, for the people of the southwest in France and in Sardinia, who have a tradition of drinking red wine.
Protection against severe sunburn
Red wine can help reduce the damaging effects of UV light. When UV rays come into contact human skin, they activate reactive oxygen species (ROS). These then oxidize fats, DNA and other large molecules. Further, these stimulate harmful skin cells. In fact, the antioxidants in red wine inhibit the formation reactive oxygen species (ROS). So it protects your skin from severe sunburn.
Improves lung function
Resveratrol and other compounds in red wine are good for lung function. Hence, moderate wine drinkers enjoy better lung function. The antioxidants in red wine also reduce the risk of lung cancer. More so, in people who smoke.
Boost the levels of omega 3 fatty acids
Studies show that regular, moderate red wine drinkers have higher blood levels of omega-3 fatty acids. Hence, red wine increases the levels of omega-3 fatty acids in plasma and red blood cells. In fact, omega 3 fatty acids protect against coronary heart disease.
Prevents liver disease
Drinking red wine in moderation reduces the risk of non alcoholic liver disease. In fact, people who drink other types of alcohol have a higher risk of liver disease than wine drinkers. This is because the antioxidants in red wine protect against liver disease.
Protects brain from stroke damage
Moderate drinking of red wine may protect the brain from stroke damage. In fact, the resveratrol in red wine increases the levels of heme oxygenase. This is an enzyme that protects brain nerve cells from damage. So, if somebody suffers a stroke, the brain protects itself.
Social and psychological
Studies show that moderate red wine drinkers have a higher IQ. They also operate at optimal levels of personality and psychological functioning. And even in other health related behaviors. Moreover, beer drinkers and non drinkers operate below optimal levels. People who drink wine also relate to a higher social status. They also have higher parental social status, and parental education.
Types of Red Wine
There are different types of red wine. The main types include:
Full bodied red wines
These are wines with a lot of flavor. So when using them with the food you have to be careful. This is because they can clash or overpower the taste of your food. In fact, a good rule of thumb with these wines is to make sure your food has more flavor than the wine. These wines are good with roasts, game meat, lamb, steak and roast vegetables.
Medium bodied red wines
These depend on the wine producer or the region where the wine grapes are grown. So these can make wide variations on the same grape. In fact, some of medium bodied grapes can be made into full bodied red wines. Medium bodied red wines are good with milder foods. So you can use them with game birds, pork chops, and veal.
Light bodied red wines
These wines have a more fruity and sweet flavor. Light bodied red wines have nice flavors. In fact, you can use them with fish such as tuna, salmon or swordfish. You can also use them with roasted chicken or duck
In conclusion, red wine has a wide range of health benefits. Yet, remember to drink it in moderation. This is because the health benefits of red wine are experienced by moderate drinkers. In fact, heavy drinking of wine increases your risk of obesity, high blood pressure, and liver damage. It also puts you at a higher risk of accidents, developing certain types of cancer and many other problems. So, for adults the recommended intake is one drink a day for women of all ages. This also applies to men over 65 years of age. Further, for men below the age of 65, the recommended intake is 2 drinks a day.